Technological Advancement and Pakistan’s Maritime Security Strategy in the Indo-Pacific Ocean Region: Challenges and Prospects


  • Laraib Ali NUML, Islamabad
  • Maliha Zeba Khan Department of International Relations, National University of Modern Languages (NUML), Islamabad



Indo-Pacific Ocean Region, Maritime Security Strategy, Pakistan, Technological Advancements


The Indo-Pacific Ocean Region (IPOR) is one of the busiest oceanic spaces for trade, commerce, and other socioeconomic activities besides political and military interests. The region faces increased maritime security threats due to modernization and shifting capabilities of rational actors in terms of technology, making security provision is a challenging task for the states. Pakistan is situated in the Indo-Pacific Ocean Region (IPOR) at very prime coordinates due to which its importance for safe navigation and uninterrupted global flows becomes crucial. Pakistan’s role and its efforts in ensuring security within its maritime zones make it inevitable for its survival. However, technological advancements including IOT, blockchain, artificial intelligence, advanced cyber security, robotics and automation, monitoring systems, artificial and augmented intelligence, cloud and SaaS, autonomous ships, green shipping are speculated as increasingly grave threats to developing states. The objectives of the research are to highlight the technological advancements in the maritime sector, to describe the emerging challenges and futuristic trends in IPOR, to define the technological advancements as threats to all developing states including Pakistan, to enhance the maritime security strategy of Pakistan, and to recommend maritime security policy directions for Pakistan. The qualitative research methodology used in this case study. Data has been collected from secondary includes books and research articles, and tertiary resources which are official websites of supreme institutions. The argument is being established in the context of realist approach further following analytical and descriptive approaches.


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How to Cite

Ali, L., & Khan, M. Z. . (2024). Technological Advancement and Pakistan’s Maritime Security Strategy in the Indo-Pacific Ocean Region: Challenges and Prospects. Journal of Nautical Eye and Strategic Studies, 4(1), 103–123.