Open Access and Copyright Policy


This work is licensed & copyrighted under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. 

The editorial board of J-NESS shares a common vision with Minhaj University Lahore in providing unrestricted access to knowledge and education for all and thereby follows OPEN ACCESS POLICY to showcase its content. J-NESS follows open access copyright and licensing policy on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

Minhaj University Lahore and J-NESS adhere to Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. The authors submitting and publishing in J-NESS agree to the copyright policy under Creative Common License 4.0 (Attribution-Non Commercial-Share Alike 4.0 International). Under this license, the authors published in J-NESS retain the copyright including publishing rights of their scholarly work, and agree to let others remix, tweak, and build upon their work non-commercially. All other authors using the content of J-NESS are required to cite the author(s) and publisher in their work. Articles of J-NESS can be read and shared for noncommercial purposes under the following conditions:

  • BY: Attribution must be given to the source (Attribution)
  • NC: Works may not be used for commercial purposes (Noncommercial)

J-NESS uses the CC BY-NC to protect the author’s work from misuse.