Journal of Nautical Eye and Strategic Studies <p>J-NESS is an interdisciplinary academic pursuit to disseminate the awareness and information on the importance of our aquatic channels and resources. The purpose of this effort is to bring attention to the latest topics of discussion at international level, e.g. Sustainable Development of Coastal Indigenous Communities, Blue Economy, Maritime Security and Surveillance, Circular Economy, Marine Renewable Energy, Maritime Transport and Coastal Tourism, Fisheries and Aquaculture, and related geopolitical and geo-economic dimensions.</p> en-US (Dr. Uzma Naz) (Centre for Research and Development) Tue, 01 Aug 2023 06:52:02 +0000 OJS 60 End Special Anti Rubbery Squad (EndSARS) Protest and It Consequences on Economic Activities of Nigeria Maritime Sector <p>This research examined the incidents of End Special Anti Rubbery Squad (EndSARS) protest and it consequences on economic activities of Nigeria maritime sector, with the interest to provide information on the courses and it consequences on economic Activities of Nigeria maritime sector. Through application of frustration-aggression theory while carrying out the findings. From phenomenological point of view, the study adopted descriptive method in carrying out the findings. Therefore, a random sampling through distribution of quatitative questionnaires to 130 respondents was done. In addition of uses of secondary data such as relevant books, national and international journals, radio, television, news papers, government publications, online sources, and personal experience was applied. After data analysis was done, the findings attested that end special anti rubbery squad protest in Nigeria was ended in violence. Although, the study also discovered that at the beginning, it was peaceful in nature, but ended up with violence and bloody.</p> Prof. Dr. Mufutau Akanmu Popoola, Shittu Muili Olawale, Azeez Olasunkanmi Ojo Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Nautical Eye and Strategic Studies Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Impact of Malfunction Load Cell and Mechanical actuator Sensor to Performance of Ship Stability General Cargo Simulator at Unit Laboratorium and Workshop STIP Jakarta <p>Ship Stability General Cargo Simulator (SSTS) is a laboratory to provide training on the configuration and procedures for maintaining ship stability as a training facility for cadets in the engineering field. The Ship Stability General Cargo Simulator configuration at STIP Marunda Jakarta describes a general cargo ship configuration in which it has equipment to simulate cargo loading and ship ballast filling, which serves to simulate ship conditions when loading cargo.</p> <p>Maintenance and repair are activities carried out to improve, maintain, and return equipment in good and ready-to-use condition. In relation to the maintenance of laboratory equipment, maintenance is intended as a preventive effort or prevention so that the equipment is not damaged or is maintained in good condition, ready to operate. Besides that, maintenance is also intended as an effort to adjust or repair laboratory equipment that has already been damaged or is not feasible so that it becomes ready to be used for practical activities for students or cadets.Some of the maintenance that needs to be done on this Ship Stability Simulator are: Electrical system, Filling System, Drain System, Actuator System, Measurement Level System.Research purposes :The research objectives of this paper that make this is to obtain solutions so that maintenance and repairs can operate properly,viability of laboratory facilities as training infrastructure in the STIP Marunda Jakarta environment, always in a state of optimal use.</p> ABDUL RACHMAN Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Nautical Eye and Strategic Studies Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000 BRI Economic Corridors: Implications for Future Economic Development in Global Recession <p>This article explores the implications of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) Economic Corridors for future economic development, especially in the context of the current global recession. The BRI, launched by China in 2013, aims to connect Asia, Europe, and Africa through a network of infrastructure projects, including the development of economic corridors. These corridors are expected to boost trade, investment, and economic growth in the participating countries. The article provides an overview of the BRI and its economic corridors and discusses the potential benefits and challenges of the initiative. It analyzes the impact of the global recession on the BRI and how the initiative can help mitigate the effects of the crisis. The article also examines the role of the BRI in promoting sustainable development and addressing environmental concerns. A qualitative research methodology will be implemented based on a market analysis, expert interpretations, literature review, and assessment of online sources.&nbsp; Moreover, the article will cover the politico-economic considerations, infrastructure development opportunities, shipping and transportation facilitation, along with trade facilitation and opportunities along the corridors.&nbsp; The article recommends that policymakers and stakeholders work together to maximize the benefits of the BRI while minimizing the risks and negative impacts. The study concludes that the BRI Economic Corridors have the potential to become a major driver of economic development, particularly in the face of the current global recession. However, the success of the initiative will depend on addressing several challenges, including governance, financing, and environmental sustainability.</p> Dr. Assad Mehmood Khan Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Nautical Eye and Strategic Studies Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000 New Dynamics in Indian Ocean: A study of Pakistan, China and India under Regional Security Complex <p>The Indian Ocean is significant for the South Asian region and the world powers. The power politics and security challenges are interlinked from an international perspective. India holds an important position due to its vast coastal line. The major challenge for India in the Indian Ocean region is the growing influence of &nbsp;Pakistan and China under the CPEC and the BRI flag. Relations between India and Pakistan have historically been tense, and the future does not appear to promise improvement. At the same time, China is India’s largest trading partner and shares a long border. The paper will analyze the growing scenario and effects in light of the Regional Security Complex approach by Barry Buzan and Ole Weaver. The security challenges in the Indian Ocean are not confined to the three states (China, Pakistan and India) but continuously evolving with the involvement of power politics of the regional and international players. The paper will explain three leading states' actions in the Indian Ocean region and perceptions through the RSC model. According to RSC, threats travel from state to state and region to region. The group of states in a region have a main concern about their national security linked with each other such that they cannot be handled separately. Here, the question arises of how regional ties address the conventional dangers and provide the framework for assessing the response by the three major powers concerning their interest in the Indian Ocean.</p> Sundas Khizar Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Nautical Eye and Strategic Studies Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Emerging Dynamics of Global Warming: A Case Study of Marine Life <p>This study is focusing on global warming on marine life and information about blue economy, how can impacts as game changing as well as global effects on environment. According to this analysis, the effects of climate change may be seen throughout the evolution of the marine environment, affecting both the inhabitants and their habitats. Marine creatures and fish immensely disturb by it and respond of productivity is facing alarming time. According to analysts, the marine economy can the prospective to boost assets of such a coastline state.&nbsp; Here, we discuss its effects and the numerous changes that are increasingly important for scholars and international organizations to promote why it's critical to reduce climate change's effects. Its production and the subsequent rise in biological productivity across all ecosystem levels are advantages of global warming. Aquaculture, the introduction of new species, governmental management of fisheries, and the avoidance of marine pollution are a few examples of human activity that tries to safeguard the environment and manage resources. This investigation of blue economy elaborates the ecosystem mismanagement and environmental activities are giving the tough time marine inhabitants as well as human beings. Marine species and environment will be could proved profitable at largely.</p> Amjad Ata, Saba Hadayat Ali Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Nautical Eye and Strategic Studies Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Expansion of Maritime Interests and Naval Modernization of India in the Indo Pacific Region <p>As importance of the Indo Pacific region grows in the 21<sup>st</sup> Century, India is expanding its maritime interests and modernizing its naval capabilities in Indo-Pacific Region. India is doing so due to two main factors. First, to counter China’s rise. China is rising as a strong Asian power by increasing its power, influence, and sway in the Indian Ocean region. Second, India aspires for becoming a regional hegemon in the Indian Ocean region while expanding its strong influence in the Pacific Ocean. This research paper will explore India’s maritime expansion and strong partnership with the Indo Pacific nations which will strengthen Indian footprints in the Indo Pacific Region that challenges the Chinese security concerns in this region. Further, this research paper will explore the evolution of Indian Strategic thinking in the Indo-Pacific Region, identifies rising China and Indo-Sino maritime rivalry as well as examine the countering strategies by India that lead to its maritime expansion and Indian Naval modernization in the Indo-Pacific Region.</p> Eman Malik Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Nautical Eye and Strategic Studies Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Strengthening Peace and Economic Cooperation in South Asia <p><span style="color: #252525;">Conflict resolution proponents consider economic integration the silver bullet. Politically stable states in Europe and Southeast Asia are currently united under a single flag. While "monetary inclusion" is sometimes cited as a means toward stability, this is not always the case. But a unified currency is not necessarily the key to peaceful coexistence. This article will examine South Asia to see if and how much monetary settlement has aided in maintaining peace in that region. Despite attempts to bring nations together in South Asia through peace and monetary reconciliation, these efforts have been mostly ignored. Entombment and interstate strife are major contributors to this problem. While this article focuses on provincial financial partnerships as a means of promoting development and peace in South Asia, it argues that the legacy of state structures in the region effectively preempts any such provincial involvement. The religious and socioeconomic tensions that fuel the political turmoil in South Asia portend a bleak future for the area. In light of recent events, it would appear that praying for a peaceful synthesis and permanent peace in South Asia through reconciliation is naive.</span></p> Muhammad Rehman Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Nautical Eye and Strategic Studies Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Game Changer for Pakistan: Significance of Gawadar for Pakistan Economy & Factors of Underutilization of Gawadar Port <p>Gwadar is a game-changer for Pakistan's economy because of its tremendous potential for growth and development across many industries. The Pakistani government initiated the Gwadar Port Project in the early 2000s with the goal of making the deep-sea port a significant entrance point for trade and business, linking Pakistan with the Middle East, Central Asia, and other regions. The project was built and run mostly by China, with financial support from Pakistan.</p> <p>China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) initiative will play a significant role in the development of Gwadar, which is now viewed as a strategic asset for Pakistan and China's economic interests. CPEC aims to connect China's western region with the Gwadar port through a network of highways, railways, and pipelines. Gwadar is an essential part of China's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), a vast infrastructure and development project that aims to improve regional connectivity and promote economic growth throughout Asia and beyond.</p> <p>Gwadar is a key strategic asset for Pakistan's economy with the potential to fundamentally alter the country's trade and commerce environment. It is located at the junction of crucial trade and energy routes and has the potential to become a gateway to the rest of the globe, connecting Pakistan to Central Asia, the Middle East, and beyond. Thanks to its deep-water facilities and advantageous location, the port makes a perfect transit point for both international trade and energy supplies via pipelines and other infrastructure. The Gwadar Free Zone, a special economic zone within the port, aims to attract investment and provide a business-friendly environment for businesses. This will enhance possibilities.</p> <p>Pakistan has a coastline of approximately 1,050 kilometers along the Arabian Sea, making it a country with significant potential to harness the benefits of the ocean for its economy. Pakistan can harness the benefits of the ocean for its economy by investing in its fishing industry, shipping industry, offshore oil and gas exploration, tourism industry, and renewable energy sector. The government must ensure sustainable and responsible use of ocean resources while promoting economic growth.</p> Usman Anwar, Dr. Zakir Hussain Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Nautical Eye and Strategic Studies Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000