Journal of Nautical Eye and Strategic Studies https://ojs.mul.edu.pk/index.php/J-NESS <p>J-NESS is an interdisciplinary academic pursuit to disseminate the awareness and information on the importance of our aquatic channels and resources. The purpose of this effort is to bring attention to the latest topics of discussion at international level, e.g. Sustainable Development of Coastal Indigenous Communities, Blue Economy, Maritime Security and Surveillance, Circular Economy, Marine Renewable Energy, Maritime Transport and Coastal Tourism, Fisheries and Aquaculture, and related geopolitical and geo-economic dimensions.</p> en-US Wed, 24 Aug 2022 06:44:59 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.5 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Shifting Paradigms and Changing Dynamics of Fragile Global Power Politics in Middle East: A Case study of Syrian Crisis https://ojs.mul.edu.pk/index.php/J-NESS/article/view/94 <p>The core intention of the study is to elaborate the convolutions and precariousness of the Middle East and the decades long contradictions of regional states on sectarian and ethnic bases particularly between Iran and the KSA, which is severely hampering the stability, peace and security of the region and entire globe as well. The hostility of Great Powers with regional states is not in their favor to secure the interests in ME and vice versa. As, the geo[1]political, geo-economic and geo-graphical prominence of the region makes hard to neglect it, along with its presence in the mid of Afro-Eurasia and having enormous deposits of fossil fuels which are the life-line of the world’s great economies. The US-Iran antipathy for more than three decades on Iranian Nuclear Program and support of terrorist groups adversely affected the region, hence the Nuke Deal between P5+1 and Iran altered the overall scenario. Most of the world esteemed this move but the key regional allies of the US like Israel and the KSA articulated their trepidations on this deal. There is also an instigation of a “New Great Game” between Great Powers and regional sovereignties due to the Syrian issue and also the Yemen crisis, which are causing the pitiless carnage of thousands of innocent people. So, the main aim of research is to ornate the eminence that the constructive diplomacy is the ultimate solution of all the contentious issues of the Middle East and for the establishment of a durable and sturdy peace, prosperity, security and stability for the regional population and states.</p> Asma Siddique Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Nautical Eye and Strategic Studies https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://ojs.mul.edu.pk/index.php/J-NESS/article/view/94 Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Maritime Security: A Case Study of Pakistan https://ojs.mul.edu.pk/index.php/J-NESS/article/view/95 <p>Maritime has been long neglected in Pakistan. Unfortunately, we also mixed the naval and maritime strategy. Gaining control of the sea lanes of communication SLOC plays a critical part in any conflict with a maritime component. Pakistan Navy has become a very active force and is the defender of the maritime borders. In recent years, their engagement in the region has grown. CPEC under BRI has further changed the contours of maritime security in Pakistan. The PN's reliance on the west in terms of the military is diminishing because of its larger reliance on China and other states like Turkey. PN has become a very important actor on national and international forums. It has led various maritime missions like CTF 151 and is part of CTF150. It also initiated Regional Maritime Security Patrols and launched its first formal maritime doctrine showing its seriousness towards defending and preserving freedom of the seas. Moreover, it is also very active in terms of diplomacy. It is engaged with various African states and thus maintaining its relevance. It is now ardently working to build up its naval capabilities in collaboration with China and Turkey as well. It has emerged as a more responsive force eager to maintain peace and stability in the region and thus is complying with international norms and regulations.</p> Aleem Gillani Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Nautical Eye and Strategic Studies https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://ojs.mul.edu.pk/index.php/J-NESS/article/view/95 Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Tri-Polar Competition in the Indian Ocean and Role of Pakistan https://ojs.mul.edu.pk/index.php/J-NESS/article/view/96 <p>The Indian Ocean is one of the world's largest bodies of water. It accounts for almost one[1]quarter of the world's oceans. East and west are connected by an ocean that runs across the Asian continent and connects the Middle East, Africa, and South Asia. Regional and international powers are interested in the Indian Ocean area. The goal of American policy is to prevent China from being ruled by a government or coalition of governments that may be dangerous to the United States of America. At the very least, India's participation in the revival of the Quad seems to be motivated by a desire for improved collaboration. Pakistan should be cautious while dealing with bilateral relations with these two crucial countries. In this regard, the United States looks uninterested. The interests of major nations in this area are enormous. It's no secret that Pakistan pays close attention to what's going on in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR). Pakistan is included since it is a coastline country on the Indian Ocean. Pakistan and the Arabian Sea have a combined coastline of about 1,000 kilometers. It has a substantial quantity of marine economic resources in its Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), which borders the Gulf of Mexico on the western coast. Chinese efforts such as "One Belt, One Road" and the "China Pakistan Economic Corridor" (CPEC) have increased Pakistan's reliance on the Indian Ocean.</p> Syed Husnain Haider Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Nautical Eye and Strategic Studies https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://ojs.mul.edu.pk/index.php/J-NESS/article/view/96 Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 UNITED NATIONS COUNTER TERRORISM STRATEGY: A THEORETICAL ANALYSIS https://ojs.mul.edu.pk/index.php/J-NESS/article/view/97 <p>In the past few years threat of terrorism has transformed itself from a local and regional problem to a global dilemma. The menace of terrorism had spread like any disease and changed its pattern so rapidly that not only nation states are affecting but regional and International security has been challenged as well. Due to such nature of precarious expansion, no single country can defeat this mayhem alone and need of an international organization of larger scope is needed to address the issues that are becoming root causes for terrorism. An organization that can have large-scale mobility, resources, that can trace patterns, movements and an organization who have members abiding its resolutions and can act globally. These capabilities and scope are only part of United Nations. After incidents of 9/11, terrorist attacks on United Nation officials &amp; buildings worldwide and ability of terrorist groups to operate globally, the United Nation devised a comprehensive global counter terrorism strategy along with a plan of action, acceptable to all 192 members to counter terrorism. In this regard United Nations General Assembly &amp; United Nations Security Council passed resolutions specifically addressing 2 the terrorism and counter terrorism narratives of the member states. Pakistan has been fighting against terrorism for a long time, but for the last few years, Pakistan has suffered unprofessional losses whereas the incidents of terror have massively disrupted all spheres of social and political life, approximately 40,000 civilians have lost their lives whereas materialistic losses are besides them. The study will discover the outgrowth of cooperation and collaboration of United Nations in line with its resolutions specifically 1373 (2001) and analyze its importance for Pakistan in its fight against terrorism.</p> Faiq Hassan Khalid Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Nautical Eye and Strategic Studies https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://ojs.mul.edu.pk/index.php/J-NESS/article/view/97 Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Age of Terrorism and Mass Media as a Tool https://ojs.mul.edu.pk/index.php/J-NESS/article/view/98 <p>Terrorism is not a philosophy like communism or capitalism. Terrorism is a strategy, a methodology used to accomplish a particular end. In the course of the most recent decades, the impact of broad communications has developed immensely. Individuals from everywhere throughout the world are presently ready to gather data about a wide range of issues from a wide assortment of sources, including TV, the web and daily papers. Terrorists try to announce their motivation, impact popular sentiment and have turned out to be mindful of the effect of broad communications. Fear-based oppressor bunches have in this way found the value of broad communications. Then again, media outlets look to address the issues of their customers by giving stories that contain various particular components: sensational occurrences, passionate reverberation, or some very aggravating angle. Stories that specifically influence the gathering of people have additionally been found to have the best effect. Based on these entrenched discoveries, we place a cooperative connection between broad communications and psychological militant associations. This beneficial interaction has certain ramifications for our social orders. These suggestions, and the media's appropriate part in the public arena, will be examined.</p> Muhammad Rehman, Muhammad Usman Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Nautical Eye and Strategic Studies https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://ojs.mul.edu.pk/index.php/J-NESS/article/view/98 Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000