Open Access and Copyright Policy


This work is licensed & copyrighted under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. 

The editorial board of IJIEG shares a common vision with Minhaj University Lahore in providing unrestricted access to knowledge and education for all and thereby follows OPEN ACCESS POLICY to showcase its content. IJIEG follows open access copyright and licensing policy on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

Minhaj University Lahore and IJIEG adhere to Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. The authors submitting and publishing in IJIEG agree to the copyright policy under Creative Common License 4.0 (Attribution-Non Commercial-Share Alike 4.0 International). Under this license, the authors published in IJIEG retain the copyright including publishing rights of their scholarly work, and agree to let others remix, tweak, and build upon their work non-commercially. All other authors using the content of IJIEG are required to cite the author(s) and publisher in their work. Articles of IJIEG can be read and shared for noncommercial purposes under the following conditions:

  • BY: Attribution must be given to the source (Attribution)
  • NC: Works may not be used for commercial purposes (Noncommercial)

IJIEG uses the CC BY-NC to protect the author’s work from misuse.