Sino-Indian Port Politics in the Indian Ocean Region


  • Maheen Butt Kinnaird College for Women, Lahore
  • Dr. Qudsia Akram Assistant Professor, Department of International Relations, Kinnaird College for Women, Lahore



Port Politics, Indian Ocean, China-India, Indian Ocean Region, BRI, Maritime Silk Road, Overseas Port Projects


This study evaluates the extent of Sino-India port politics in the Indian Ocean and its implications on the region. China, under the umbrella of BRI has started investing in ports of littoral Indian Ocean countries such as Pakistan, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Djibouti, Iran etc. India has been accusing China of encircling it though these projects.  Since the commencement of BRI, Chinese and Indian presence has increased at key ports on major trade routes and surveillance points. The Indian national interests have been hurt by the Chinese investments in the port sector of Indian Ocean littoral countries. As counter measures, Indian has taken steps to revive its maritime policy, improve ties with global powers through QUAD alliance, foundational agreements with US, investments in ports of countries like Iran, Oman, Seychelles, Mauritius etc. and improving its navy and naval facilities. Sino Indian competition for resources and influence will have implications for the whole region. As the quest for energy increases between the two countries the economic integration will also increase in the region as compared to the past, especially through BRI projects. This can also result in the militarization of the Indian Ocean as both countries have increased investments in their respective naval forces. There is a need to find common ground so that the region can benefit and not face further problems.


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How to Cite

Butt, M., & Akram, D. Q. . (2024). Sino-Indian Port Politics in the Indian Ocean Region . Journal of Nautical Eye and Strategic Studies, 4(1), 182–208.