The Evolving Dynamics of Pakistan-Afghanistan Relations under the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (IEA) Regime: A Comprehensive Analysis and Prospects


  • Noureen Akhtar National Defence University Islamabad
  • Dr. Abdul Rauf Iqbal National Defence University Islamabad



Afghanistan-Pakistan Relations, Regional Cooperation, IEA Regime, Taliban


This research examines the intricacies of the bilateral relations between Pakistan and Afghanistan in the aftermath of the Taliban's assumption of power in August 2021. The study emphasises the impact of regional and global factors on the dynamics of their relationship and the evolving security landscape in Afghanistan under the Taliban. A significant concern looming within Pakistan’s strategic community is the possible future trajectory of relations. To answer this geopolitical riddle, the study uses a scenario analysis framework. The study finds that Pakistan-Afghanistan concerns can go in one of three possible directions: cooperation, hostility, and coexistence. The study produces valuable insights based on scenario methodology while challenging existing assumptions. It would help policymakers to preempt policy decisions in an informed manner to propose practical policy recommendations for peaceful coexistence. Consequently encouraging pragmatism, negotiations, inclusive political settlements, collaborative efforts to address security challenges, and economic integration through regional connectivity enterprises.   The significance of regional and global collaboration in ensuring the prosperity and security of Afghanistan and the broader region is highlighted through comprehensive insights and actionable policy recommendations  The study aims to facilitate informed decision-making and pave the way toward lasting peace, development, and prosperity in the region.


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How to Cite

Akhtar, N., & Iqbal, D. A. R. (2023). The Evolving Dynamics of Pakistan-Afghanistan Relations under the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (IEA) Regime: A Comprehensive Analysis and Prospects. Journal of Nautical Eye and Strategic Studies, 3(2), 104–120.