Questions About God: Overcoming Some Theological Barriers in Muslim Christian Dialogue


  • Philip Duncan Peters Minister in The Free Church of Scotland, Ph.D. Scholar at The University of Edinburgh


monotheism, Christians, Muslims, the same God, mainstream Christianity, reason, Trinity, Son of God, theophany


Belief in and worship of one God is the most basic tenet of both Muslim and Christian faith. This might be seen as a significant area of common ground, and yet there are theological barriers within sections of both communities that unnecessarily widen the gap between the two faiths.

Some Christian leaders and writers have asserted the view that Muslims and Christians do not worship the same God. This paper will argue that it is unhelpful to think in terms of Christians and Muslims worshipping two completely different entities. It will respond to the two main forms of argument, (1) theological differences in the attributes and character of God, and (2) Muslim denial of the doctrine of the trinity.

Among Muslims there is often suspicion that the monotheism of Christians is severely compromised by their belief in the trinity and the divinity of Christ. This paper will argue that ‘mainstream’ Christianity, is a truly monotheistic faith and will seek areas of common understanding in moving forward in dialogue, while recognising continued differences.




How to Cite

Philip Duncan Peters. (2022). Questions About God: Overcoming Some Theological Barriers in Muslim Christian Dialogue. South Asian Journal of Religion and Philosophy (SAJRP), 3(2), 49–64. Retrieved from