The Dynamics of Pakistan-Poland Relations in the Era of Geo-economics and Geo-culture


  • Syed Sibtain Hussain Shah Free lance



Pakistan, Poland, Bilateral Relations, Geo-Economics, Geo-culture


Aim of this study is to investigate the dynamics of Pakistan-Poland relations in the eras of geo-economics and geo-culture. Geo-economics refers to the economic dimensions of geopolitical actor influencing economic policies and initiatives in international relations. Analysis of the concept of geo-economics in light of neoliberalism enables the investigator to explore the potential of economic relations between Pakistan and Poland. The geo-culture as another perception combines cross borders cultural communications and interactions between and among the nations. The model of inter-state relations that suggests international cooperation including bilateral relations as viable is also appropriate for evaluation of Pakistan-Poland relations. The potential of cooperation between the two countries remains largely untapped, specifically in the current global geo-economics and geo-cultural backdrops. Author studies the changing aspects of relations between Pakistan and Poland also from historical perceptions as the Pakistan and Poland ties are originated on a solid base providing a durable source of the collaboration in the emerging political and economic environments.  The geo-economics and geo-culture eras offer enormous opportunities of cooperation through different means including functional diplomacies enabling both countries to learn from each other experiences in numerous fields.


Adamczyk, Wojciech. (February 28, 2022). Polish-Pakistani Relations (Joint Event The Youth Diplomacy Forum from Pakistan). Warsaw Institute. forum-pakistan/.

Afridi, Manzoor, & Anjum, Naveed. (2023). Pakistan-Poland Economic Relations and Regional Connectivity: Challenges and Opportunities. Journal of European Studies (JES), 39(2), 13.

Amir, Irfan & Wali, Qaism. (2023). Pakistan-Poland Economic Relations: Challenges and Opportunities. Linkedin.

Ashfaq, Ayesha. (2023). PAKISTAN-POLAND RELATIONS: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES. Journal of International Affairs, 6 (2), 854-872.

Blackwill, R. D., & Harris, J. M. (2016). What Is Geoeconomics? In War by Other Means: Geoeconomics and Statecraft. Harvard University Press. (pp. 19–32).

Boguslawski, Jan. (June 22, 2023). Economic dependence curbs Poland’s rise.

Elahi, Fazal. (2019). Polish-Pakistani relations have always been friendly, positive & respectful. Diplomatic Focus, 10 (11).

Gelis-Filho, Antonio. (n.d.). Geoculture: Missing in Action. Social Studies. (n.d.). Poland in Pakistan.

Guamguami, Mohammed. (2021). Geoculture. Center for Intercultural Dialogue.

Keohane, Robert. (1984). After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy. Princeton University Press, page.5.

PBS. (2021). Annual Analytical Report On External Trade Statistics Of Pakistan FY 2020-21. (n.d.). Pakistan.

OEC.World. (n.d.). Poland.

Solingen, E. (1994). The Political Economy of Nuclear Restraint. International Security, 19(2), 126–169.

Spindler, M. (2013). History of theoretical thought on inter-state relations and the formation of “International Relations” as an academic discipline. In International Relations: A Self-Study Guide to Theory (1st ed., pp. 13–35). Verlag Barbara Budrich.

Syed S. Shah. (September 10, 2018). Polish audience praises Qawwal Imran Aziz Mian for incredible musical performance. praises-pakistani-qawwal-imran-aziz-mian-for-incredible-performance.

The News. (2018). Teefa in Trouble remains steady at the local box office. remains-steady-at-the-local-box-office.

WITS. (2021). Overall Exports and Imports for Poland 2021.,are%20imported%20from%20232%20countries.




How to Cite

Shah, S. S. H. (2023). The Dynamics of Pakistan-Poland Relations in the Era of Geo-economics and Geo-culture. Journal of Professional Research in Social Sciences, 10(2), 37–48.



Articles (English)