Al-Irfan <p>Al Irfan is a double-blind peer-reviewed journal of Minhaj University, which is published bi-annually. Al-Irfan Research Journal works under (COSIS) College of Shariah and Islamic Sciences, Minhaj University, Lahore, Pakistan. It accepts articles in different languages like Arabic, English, Urdu, etc. This Magazine accepts articles that are written on rare topics such as the Qur'an, Hadith, Fiqh, Seerah, Sufism, Comparison of Religions, History, etc. <span data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="ur" data-phrase-index="2" data-number-of-phrases="3">Al-Irfan </span>Magazine prefers to publish articles that address current issues. The author/authors should remember that the Journal will accept only original papers. It implies that the work submitted has not been either published or accepted previously except in the form of a thesis, abstract, and review. Only the papers recommended by the referees will be published. However, the author/authors bear the total responsibility for removing the observations and maintaining the accuracy of the paper. The Plagiarism/Similarity should be less than 15 percent. The author should follow the pattern and formatting of the Al-Irfan Research Journal in the citation.</p> <p> </p> en-US (Dr. Mumtaz ul Hassan) (Centre for Research and Development) Tue, 25 Jun 2024 08:52:37 +0000 OJS 60 حیاۃ القاری باطراف صحیح البخاری از مخدوم ہاشم ٹھٹوی کا منہج و خصوصیات <p>Saheeh Bukhari is considered as one of the most comprehensive, extensive, authoritative and authentic books after the Holy Qur`an. The collection of Ahadith by Imam Bukhari is recognized by the majority of the Muslim world as the most authentic source of Islamic Shariah. The renowned scholars in the field of Islamic studies have composed several books on commentaries in order to explain the content of hadith. On the other hand, few of the eminent scholars have also contributed to collect the chain of narrators and Atraf e Hadith of Bukhari, one of them is renowned scholars of Sindh, Makhdoom Muhammad Hāshim Thattvī (1692- 1761). He collected the Atraf e Hadith of Saheeh Bukhari known as Hayaat ul Qaari bi Atraf e Saheeh ul Bukhari. Atraf e Hadith means a Muhaddith mentions only a part of hadith whereby one can know the remaining. Thereafter, it tells all the chains or some of the chains that are mentioned in the selected hadith books. Makhdoom Hāshim extended his work of the former Muhaddith Hafiz al-Mizzi` book known as Tuhfaht al-Ashraf bi ma`rifaht al-Atraf. Makhdoom Hāshim in the preface of his book, tried to incorporate the record of Hafiz al-Mizzi, Ibn Mas'ud Dimashqi and Khalf Wasti in extensive manner. He further elaborated the recorded methodologies that have been practiced by predecessors. He rectified the previous contributions of the scholars in an effective mode. This article aims to analyze the literary contributions of Makhdoom Hāshim Thattvi in his book Hayaat ul Qaari. This research principally highlights the features of book that enshrine the Imam Bukhari’s academic contribution towards Hadith.&nbsp;</p> Abdul Ghaffar Madani, Muhammad Israel Khan Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Irfan Tue, 25 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 پاکستان میں ٹیکسز کی عدم ادائیگی کے اسباب اور ان کا تدارک : اسلامی تعلیمات کی روشنی میں تحقیقی جائزہ <p>Islam provides guidance to its adherents regarding affairs of material as well as spiritual life. Its financial commandments eradicate economic inequality in the society. Economic durability can only be maintained through Islamic conceptions of Zakat and the prohibition of usuary. However, at certain times, when sources of revenue are insufficient to meet the governmental expenditures, then the state has the right to levy taxes and organize obligations on persons within its borders. A tax is one of the most important mandatory duties shouldered on the citizens by government so that it may cover the expenses of state w.r.t defense, administration, social well-being and other infrastructure. This study shows the arguments about the justification of taxation and its boundary as per commandments of Islam. This paper means to guess the effect of financial policy in connection with durability of economy of Pakistan. Majority of citizens of Pakistan are not willing to pay the taxes. The study shows the reasons of non-payments of taxes and its remedy as pet Islamic concept of taxation. Finally, it is concluded that present level of taxation in Pakistan needs to be revised carefully as this has negative and bad effects on financial activities in Pakistan. This study is fundamentally designed to express the needs and requirements of Tax collection of revenue for the country. This is qualitative research in which data is collected from secondary, books, articles and online sources.</p> Dr. Muhammad Nasrullah, Dr. Ali Akbar Alazhari Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Irfan Tue, 25 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 بیت المال کا معاصر تصور اور اس کے ذرائع تمویل و مصارف <p>Islam proposes the economic and financial model of an Islam state. Through that economic model, Islamic states were run by the the caliphs. It presents the institution of Bait-ul-Mal. The economic condition of Pakistan is declining day by day and the current taxation system is considered as direct responsible to that. The economic system of an Islamic system is run and managed by the institution Bait-ul-Mal that supervise and govern all the income and outcome of the state. The prominent sources of its income and outcome are described in fiqh books in details. It is necessary to review the concept of Bait-ul-Mal in the contemporary world in order to know how it can be implemented in an Islamic country.</p> <p>And it this regard one should know the ansewers to some questions like; what is the model of economic system of an Islamic state? What is Baitul-ul-Mal and what are the sources of income of Bait-ul-Mal? The bigger question come when the application of sources of consumption (Masaarif) is being discussed. To do the analysis of these question, we found that with some changes the concept of Bait-ul-Mal is applicable in the current scenario of an Islamic country. Also there is a room for specified taxes imposed on rich people to fulfill the needs of poor people.</p> Muhammad Rehan Khan, Dr. Noor Wali Shah Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Irfan Tue, 25 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 فتاوی نوریہ کے منہج و اسلوب اور عصری مسائل کا تحقیقی جائزہ <p>Fatawa Nooriya, authored by Fqih-e-Azam Allama Noor Ullah Naeemi, serves as a seminal work in Islamic jurisprudence, known for its comprehensive analysis and scholarly insights. This abstract explores the distinctive manhaj (methodology) and stylistic approach employed by Naeemi in Fatawi Nooriya. Naeemi adopts a meticulous methodology grounded in classical Islamic scholarship, drawing upon primary sources such as the Quran, Sunnah, and classical juristic texts. He emphasizes the principles of ijtihad (independent reasoning) within the framework of established legal doctrines, offering nuanced interpretations tailored to contemporary contexts. Naeemi's style reflects a blend of traditional scholarship and modern relevance, characterized by clarity, logical coherence, and a commitment to upholding the principles of Islamic jurisprudence. Through Fatawi Nooriya, Naeemi contributes to the ongoing discourse on Islamic law, providing valuable insights into the application of Sharia principles in contemporary society.</p> Farhat Rasool, Dr. Muhammad Zia Ullah Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Irfan Tue, 25 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 انسان کا جسمانی و روحانی نظام (قرآنِ کریم اور سائنس کے تناظر میں ایک جائزہ) <p>It is crystal clear that spirituality is the core and integral part of the religion of Islam as it is perceived that it effects on every religion. A person, who is bestowed with spirituality, succeeds to achieve the key purpose of his religion. This essential part of the religion of Islam is termed as Al-Ihsan that means performance of good deeds which is considered the uppermost rank of the spiritualty. It is evident that Spirituality is based on the highest level of ethics which qualifies human being to reach the highest rank of moral values and grants him the love of Allah Almighty and his beloved Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be upon Him). Likewise, when we see the body system of human being from the perspective of science and human intellect we realize that the spiritual system of a mankind bears a close resemblance to his biological system. The apparent dissimilarity between both systems can be termed as the human body system is the outward system that can be seen due to its connection with biological substance, and spiritual system is the inward system that is associated with the soul which cannot be seen. Additionally, the spiritual system is the core part of a mankind, and the core is usually concealed. So it has been concealed in the human being’s biological structure made from clay. This study explores the association and resemblance between the spiritual system and biological system of a mankind from the perspective of science and human intellect. It also investigates the fact that a mankind is the compound of both biological substance and soul, and the fitness and disorder of both systems effects on each other. So, the healthy man is a person who is fit in terms of his body and soul. This study concludes with some findings and recommendations emphasizing on the fact that a mankind should recognize his both Spiritual and biological system with an extensive approach that adherence to the treatment of spiritual health is more significant than the treatment of physical health of a mankind as his real life depends on it, and he is considered a stagnant and useless entity in a human society without spirituality which empowers him to reach the upmost level of the human ethics and well-founded standards of right and wrong in a human society and enables him to seek closeness and love of Allah Almighty and his beloved Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be upon Him).</p> Dr. Muhammad Nawaz, Hafiz Muhammad Ahmad Qadri Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Irfan Tue, 25 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 اسلامی مالیاتی ادروں میں شریعہ ایڈوائزری نظام، اہمیت اور درپیش چیلنجز کا تحقیقی جائزہ <p>The role of the Shariah Board in the development of Islamic financial institutions is not hidden from anyone, because they are the backbone of Islamic financial institutions. The result of this is that today the Islamic economic system in our country is going through a good phase and is on the path of development, yet some reforms are also needed in the Shariah Board for transparency in the Islamic financial system so that give us more better&nbsp;results.</p> <p>Therefore, the Shariah Board has a lot of services and a key role in the development of Islamic financial institutions, therefore, in this article we will present, the importance of the Shariah Board, its character, attributes, review of the Shariah governance with respect to the Shariah Board and the challenges faced by them in the current era, etc. so that make the Islamic financial system further strengthened. It should be improved by further development.</p> Basheer Ahmad, Hafiza Iqra Bashir Copyright (c) 2024 Al-Irfan Tue, 25 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 اسلامی تعلیمات کی روشنی میں گداگری کاتحقیقی وعلمی جائزہ <p>Mankind by nature suffers from different types of habits. Some of these habits have good qualities while others contain bad qualities. The good and bad of human habits are sometimes determined by the Sharia and law, respectively. Beggaring is also one of the human habits that have its pros and cons. The purpose of this study is to conduct a research and scientific review of beggaring in the context of Sharia teachings and practices so that the positive and negative aspects of the said habit are highlighted in the light of Islamic teachings. There is no doubt that Islam has taken care of human values as much as it is difficult to find an example. Sharia rules are formulated according to human temperament and physical structure. Due to habits such as begging, a person loses his good skills and society gives rise to various types of crimes.</p> Syed Muhammad Hanif Agha, Syed Hayatullah Copyright (c) 2024 Al-Irfan Tue, 25 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 احمد ندیم قاسمی کے نعتیہ کلام میں استمداد نگاری : ایک مطالعہ <p>In Urdu literature, the tradition of writing “Naat” (poetry in praise of the Prophet Muhammad) originated from Arabic Literature. Naat as a genre is characterized by various attributes. Among the different shades of Naat, one shade is that of seeking help or "Istimdad" (Intercession). Lexically, Istimdad means seeking assistance. It refers to seeking help from some special person in times of distress, with the hope of aid. In other words, seeking help with the conviction that Allah alone is the true Helper and that others are merely means the act is known as "Istimdad." Followers of Islam, in their times of distress, seek help through the Prophet Muhammad's (SAW) intercession. This act is interpreted as Istimdad. Generally, critical study of Naat involves gaining an understanding of both the intellectual aspect of praise and the linguistic and stylistic aspects of expression. However, Istimdad is not considered fundamental to critical study of Naat and there is very little work on it. Ahmed Nadim Qasmi is a renowned poet of Urdu Naat. While his Naat poetry contains other due qualities, the aspect of Istimdad is also prominent. There isn't much relevant study on Istimdad elements in his Naat. This article is based and limits its scope to the study of Istimdad elements in Ahmed Nadim Qasmi's Naat poetry.</p> Itrat Batool, Dr. Aqlima Naz Copyright (c) 2024 Al-Irfan Tue, 25 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 تصور بیعت" فکرولی اللہی "کے تناظر میں(القول الجمیل فی بیان سواء السبیل کا خصوصی مطالعہ) <p>Al - Qul Al Jamil fi Byan e swa Al sabeel is a well known Book written by The great intellectual and spiritual islamic scholar of the subcontinent Shah Waliullah Muhddsa e Dehlvi. The book deals with the significance, real concept and all information about bayt. </p> <p>The true sufisim which is cause of forgiveness, self-respect, and purification is also called Bayt. Bayt is an effective means of attains spirituality which creates the quality of remembrance of Allah Almighty in a Muslim. Bayt infect is an agreement which a Sheikh took his followers to avoid them from all kinds of misdeeds, evils and displeasures of Allah Almighty. There are many examples of bayt in islamic history. The Holy Prophet took bayt from His companions on different occasions .In this study we will discuss the details of bayt .key words: Bayt, Shah walliullah, spirituality .</p> Hafiz Ghulam Mustafa, Hafiz Abdul Aziz Copyright (c) 2024 Al-Irfan Tue, 25 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 الربط السببي اللفظي بين الجمل القرآنية بأدوات الشرط الجازمة (دراسةً دلاليةً) <p>The combination between words and meaning is very sensational for creation a fruitful discussion. The holy Qur`an, indeed it is a miracle divine book of Allah. It has thousands verses which have been somehow stretched and joined with each other.</p> <p>This article is concerned with studying the causal connection between the Qur’anic sentences, which we find linking to each other. They are linked, sometimes with alphabets and letters of the assertive and non-jussive condition. As we see this linking without letters, but rather it is insinuated in the mind and its meaning is taken thoughtfully. We also find the link between them due to the uniqueness of the cause (السبب) and the effect (المسبب) of the cause. And sometimes with a single cause and multiple effects, and as we find in the many proverbs in the Holy Qur’an, with multiple causes and a single effect.</p> Dr. Haseeba Mumtaz, Dr. Syed Syar Ali Shah Copyright (c) 2024 Al-Irfan Tue, 25 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 تفسير سورة الفاتحة لأبي الكلام آزاد تعريفه، أهميته وخصائصه <p>The research aims to know the Introduction, importance and characteristics of Tafseer of Surah Al Fatiha written by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (1888-1958AD). As his tafseer of Surh Al-Fatiha is one of the famous, valuable and reliable Tafseer. Therefore, the researcher sought to clarify Introduction, importance and characteristics of Tafsser of Surah Al Fatiha, so that scholars and university students could benefit from them. The researcher applies the inductive method to collect the materials regarding the topic and the analytical method to study the subject and analyze to obtain the results that are the goal of the subject. Among the contributions of the research is the introduction, importance and charecteristics of Tafseer of Surah Al Fatiha, compiled by Abul Kalam Azad. &nbsp;</p> Ala ud din Ansari Copyright (c) 2024 Al-Irfan Tue, 25 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 الشيخ أحمد "ملا جيون" حياته العلمية والعملية <p>The Pakistani and Indian subcontinent played a vital role in serving Islam across various domains, including Quranic studies, Hadith, and jurisprudence. Sheikh Ahmed bin Abi Saeed bin Ubaidullah, known as Mullah Jeevan, was a notable scholar, Mufassir, Muhaddith, and jurist. Born in 1047 AH in Amaithi near Lucknow, India, he was raised in a scholarly environment. Sheikh Jeevan, a follower of the Hanafi school of thought, excelled in his studies and teachings. His influential students included Mughal king Aurangzeb Alamgir and Mufti Tabee Muhammad Al-Lakhnawi. He authored renowned works like "Noor Al-Anwar fi Sharh Al-Manar" and "Al Tafseerat Al-Ahmadiyya fi bayan Al Ayat Al Sharea." Sheikh Jeevan passed away in 1130 AH in Delhi and was buried in Amaithi. Academic research on his life and contributions is essential for extracting valuable insights.</p> Zia ul Mustafa Makki Al-Azhari, Dr. Atta ul Mustafa Copyright (c) 2024 Al-Irfan Tue, 25 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000